Enact Solutions


The next normal: hybrid working

Inclusive leadership, inclusive workplaces

Let’s be honest, the covid-19 pandemic has been nothing short of brutal hasn’t it; a virus not just pervasive to health, but to our whole way of living. Our work, home and social life have all been turned upside down by this seismic, global event. 

Life can now be defined as:

  1. ‘The old normal’ – life before covid-19; the way we lived and worked, the 9-5, office-based, mask-free(!), close contact interactions.
  2. The new normal– life during the global pandemic; waves of infection, lockdowns, remote and flexible working, mutations and more restrictions. 

Recently it feels like we’re entering a new period of change though. It’s what I and others are calling:

  1. ‘The next normal’ – life from summer 2021 onwards; the future! Things are feeling more hopeful with:

✅ The vaccination effort making huge strides. 

✅ Variant boosters being developed.

✅ Workplaces and society opening up again. 

I no longer feel like people or businesses are in survival mode. Yes, we still have challenges ahead of us(!), but I feel like we can finally take a moment, breathe and start planning for the future again. I love planning. Maybe it’s my love of stationary(!), but mainly it’s the relief I feel from turning chaos into calm.

Planning is so important in business. It’s the foundation for creating positive change and making great work – and we need this now more than ever. Going forwards leaders must plan and create workplaces which work for everyone. We all have differing needs and when organisations flex, (something the pandemic has shown us is possible) it means people can thrive, which benefits both the individual, teams and companies.

If we want to boost the economy, if we want increased productivity and profits, improved employee wellbeing etc, then workplace diversity and inclusion must be at the centre of our vision, goals and the steps we take to achieve these. (See the D&I business case for more detail.) 

Inclusivity, which starts at the top a.k.a. inclusive leadership is our roadmap to the future. 

Let’s not forget, employees are an organisation’s greatest resource! When staff feel valued, listened to and supported, they’re more effective at work. Leaders must value their employees, ask them what they need and want from their workplaces going forwards and then get to work delivering on this. It’s such an exciting time! Yes, we’ve experienced a phenomenal amount of change, which has been absolutely gruelling at times, but we’ve also learnt so many lessons and there are some transformative positives we can take from the experience. 

So where do we begin…

The first step in any great plan and journey is to know your start point! The Forever Flex: Making flexible working work beyond a crisis report gives us some interesting insights on where we are at the moment. In a survey of 1,420 employers, from all sectors, across the UK, during lockdown in 2020, Flex Appeal & partners found:

  • 58% of employers were working from home more than before covid.
  • 36% of employers had seen an increase in flexitime.
  • 27% of employers reported more part time work than before covid.
  • 13% of employers had increased job shares as a result of covid.

Powerful stats right? With this information we can see that:

Covid-19 has changed the status quo and culture of work in a global way. It has led to the potential for increased diversity, as higher numbers of women, people with disabilities (aka different abilities), carers, parents etc now have access to jobs they didn’t before, with more remote and flexible working. 

As James Taylor at Scope summarises, “employers have embraced, out of necessity, the flexible working measures that disabled employees have been requesting for years.” – Financial Times.

Leaders must do all they can to ensure these flexible working practices continue in ‘the next normal’ and post-covid era. The door must remain open for under-represented groups to access work and career opportunities. They have vital skills, experiences and unique insights necessary for business growth, not to mention how important it is from an equality and social justice perspective… 

We already have gender, disability and racial/ethnicity pay gaps. Whilst the pandemic has increased flexible working, unfortunately ‘racial/ethnic minorities, people with disabilities and women have been disproportionately affected by the health and economic impacts of COVID-19.’ – Gartner. Inclusion of these groups must therefore be prioritised when re-envisioning how workplaces operate going forwards.

Another key learning point is that the pandemic has disproven the false narrative that flexible working results in less staff productivity. This is a major finding; a silver lining to the torrential thunderstorm that has been covid-19.

Much research has been conducted on remote working and productivity in the last year. For example CIPD found: ‘71% of survey participants said that homeworking had no detrimental impact on productivity. This figure is made up of 33% who said that productivity improved, and 38% who said it was unchanged.’ – Flexible Working: Lessons From The Pandemic (Sample size: 2,133 senior decision-makers in UK organisations.)

There are so many positives to remote working and perhaps the most valuable one that employees have found is the gift of time. Some people have gained 2+ extra hours a day, by reclaiming time from their daily commute. Instead of sitting in gridlocked traffic or standing on busy, commuter trains, people have utilised this time and engaged in more sleep, exercise, hobbies and had quality time with their families. These things are incredibly beneficial for mental and physical health, and have positive effects with regards to work; people are more productive because they’re better rested, healthier and happier.

This is echoed in the CIPD report: ‘The most frequently mentioned benefit was increased wellbeing through avoiding the commute (46% of survey participants), followed by enhanced wellbeing because of greater flexibility of hours (39%).’

FlexAppeal have been campaigning for all employers to offer flexible working since 2015, including ‘compressed hours, homeworking, flexitime, smarter shift patterns or any other variation.’ This is because, ‘hundreds of studies have shown flex improves access to work, reduces stress and improves our physical and mental health. . . it’s good for employers, because it raises productivity, improves loyalty and can cut costs. It has been shown to work in factories, hospitals, shops and offices.’

Of course remote working has come with some drawbacks this last year, such as ‘screen fatigue’, less-than-ideal home office set-ups and reduced connections. However the trick is in learning how to off-set these downsides and what’s really exciting is ‘the next normal’ might just give us the perfect balance we’ve all been looking for…

What will ‘the next normal’ look like?

Picture shows a desk with a plant on and two laptops. One of the screens says 'Work Hard Anywhere'.

Photo by Domenico Loia on Unsplash

Conversations are taking place on this topic globally and I for one am very excited about the possibilities! The general consensus is that people want a hybrid of the old and the new: flexible hours, the option to work from home a couple days a week, as well as return to the office. How this will work logistically, globally etc is still to be determined and different companies will have varying approaches and methodologies to one another. 

For example, Unilever has been discussing flexible working and the impact of this from very early on in the pandemic. “We saw no decrease in collaboration and productivity from March to June – in fact, this rose significantly with 20% more time spent working together internally and 19% more time in virtual external meetings. . . Our UniVoice survey in October showed a 9% increase (to 82%) in people who feel Unilever cares about their wellbeing.” – Unilever. 

Fast forward to January 2021 and at a conference, Jope spoke of Unilever’s plans for the future: “Gradually we’ll shift to a hybrid mode of some time in the office, some time at home. And we anticipate never going back to 5 days a week in the office! That seems very old-fashioned now.” – Reuters.

Here at Enact Solutions, we’ve always prioritised offering full and part-time contracts, flexible hours and job shares. However during the pandemic we’ve learnt we don’t need to be physically visible at all times, but can in fact work remotely and to greater effect at certain times. It’s valuable learning we’re committed to taking forwards with us.

What’s inspiring is current research indicates extremely high numbers of employers feel the same. For example the Forever Flex report (November 2020) found:

  • 72% of all employers want to keep working from home.
  • 70% of all employers want to keep working flexitime.
  • 66% of all employers want to keep job shares.
  • 64% of all employers want to keep part time hours.
  • 58% of all employers want to keep compressed hours.

The CIPD report also corroborates these findings: ‘After lockdown, 63% of employers planned to introduce or expand the use of hybrid working’.

Worthy of note though is that, ‘only 28% have plans to train managers in how to manage remotely.’  This is very concerning! Organisations must invest in training if they want to see the benefits flexible working can bring. This is CIPD’s number 1 recommendation:

‘In order to achieve productive homeworking, employers need to provide training and support in hybrid working.’ This is because, ‘of those employers who offered such training, 43% said productivity had increased during homeworking, compared to only 29% that hadn’t offered training.’ 

Training is key in generating greater productivity. 

Here at Enact Solutions we run inclusive leadership training and pride ourselves on our business relevant content. We create experiential training programmes which focus on the types of challenges companies face today. We’re currently working with clients on how to effectively manage and support employees who are transitioning to hybrid working, helping these leaders bring the best out of their teams and individuals. It’s important work and we’re delighted to be coaching leaders in it.

Something we love teaching is the importance of involving employees at every level of consultation and creating a shared vision together. Employees from entry level, to middle manager, to senior leaders must be a part of the process working towards behaviour change for it to effectively work. Good communication and decision-making which is inclusive, is the key to redesigning workplaces which work for the differing needs we all have.

If businesses are to survive and thrive, we need inclusive leaders who understand how much of a priority this is and weave it into every area of the workplace, from recruitment, policies, processes, promotions and so forth. 

Employers must listen to the needs and preferences of their staff and together they will be able to:

💡 Find flexible working solutions which work for both businesses and employees alike.

💡 Harness the power of collective diversity.

💡 Unlock the amazing potential and contributions we all have to offer.

It’s a historic and exciting time for inclusion. Join us. 

Jemma Houghton


Jemma Houghton is one of our Associates at Enact Solutions. She’s passionate about people being included and feeling valued at work. It makes for happier, healthier employees and increased productivity. 


Workplace diversity & inclusion – the business case 1

  • Is your workplace diverse? 
  • Representative of society?
  • Both in its workforce and leadership?
  • Do staff at your organisation feel valued and included?

If the answer to any of these questions is no, or you’re not sure, then this needs to become one of your company’s top priorities now. I mean it. Today!

. . . No matter how busy you are, there is no better time than now to focus on workplace diversity and inclusion. The subject has been studied in great detail. The science is robust and new studies are continually confirming and expanding on previous findings. The benefits are significant, vast and well documented and I can’t wait to share it with you. 

If you’re unsure about any of the terminology, check out our handy whistle-stop tour of terms first!

what is the business case for workplace diversity & inclusion?

The business case for a diverse and included workforce is first and foremost about legality and the pursuit of social justice (a workforce free from discrimination, which is representative of society). However the benefits go much deeper. Workplace diversity and inclusion bring innovation, improved employee satisfaction, engagement, productivity, retention and future proofing, all of which are correlated with a range of increased and considerable financial benefits.

Research shows us that companies who don’t embrace diversity and inclusion as a matter of importance and commit to improving their practices in these areas, place themselves at a competitive disadvantage. Those who invest in diversity and inclusion early also reap increased rewards as time passes, with the opposite being true for those that don’t. As McKinsey & Company summarise: ‘It is better to invest now, since winners will pull further ahead and laggards will fall further behind.’

With that in mind, let’s explore each element of the business case in detail. To do this, I’ll be sharing data from a number of highly respected global studies, which date from 2007-2019 (full details at the bottom of this blog).

I’ve subtitled each benefit, written a short intro and bulleted the findings for ease of use. Take your time to read and reflect on each because the statistics are fascinating. They reveal the state of diversity and inclusion in companies today and the incredible gains those companies experience, when they commit to these values.

Equality Act 2010 and social justice

It is against UK law to discriminate against anyone because of age, disability, race (colour, nationality, ethnicity), sex, gender reassignment, sexual orientation, marriage/civil partnership, pregnancy/maternity leave, and religion/belief. It is important companies root out biases in recruitment, management, promotional practices etc to make sure people are not being discriminated against.

Whilst we strive for equality, unfortunately inequities still exist. Minority groups (women, racial and ethnic minorities, LGBTQ+ and people with disabilities etc) are most adversely affected and suffer from under-representation in the workforce and in leadership roles, disparity of pay, as well as report lower rates of inclusion.

Studies show:

  • Women make up 12% of executive teams in the UK, despite being 50.9% of the population. -McKinsey & Co (4)
  • More than a third of companies have no women on their executive teams. -McKinsey & Co (6)
  • Only 22% of UK senior leadership teams accurately reflect the country’s racial diversity make-up. -McKinsey & Co (4)
  • 78% of employees work at companies that lack 2-D diversity (see definition here) in leadership. -CTI (3)
  • Ethnic and racial minorities and women are more likely to report that their careers have advanced slower than their counterparts. -McKinsey & Co (7)

innovation

A diverse organisation holds within it the power for innovation. The mix of different perspectives, experiences and traits means companies are primed to explore ideas beyond the status quo and potentially tap into unmet or undiscovered markets. A diverse staff that has commonalities with its customer-base, is more likely to understand and innovate for that client, as well as adapt to changing needs.

Included teams are also more confident in sharing their insights because they know their leaders value their input. In contrast, under-valued employees may have good ideas, but fail to speak up, because their leaders don’t include or encourage their contribution.

Studies show diverse and included teams are more innovative than homogenous, undervalued teams. When faced with a problem, homogeneous groups display similar thinking and this shared line of thought and agreement with one another, results in an (over) confidence in the group’s surmises. They can fail to consider additional options, because their shared beliefs lead them to think they have solved the problem.

In comparison, because diverse and included groups bring a range of differences and experiences to the table, they are more likely to deploy different thinking, have dissimilar views, disagree with and debate one another. They challenge, rather than just accept assumptions, question the status quo and consider a wide range of options when problem-solving and innovating. They’re more thorough in their problem-solving approach and more likely to innovate a successful solution.

Whilst diverse and included team discussions may not be as enjoyable, easy or comfortable as those of a homogenous group (who converse more easily and quickly because of their shared thinking), the collaborative effort to problem-solve utilising a wide range of perspectives ultimately yields better results.

Studies show:

  • Leaders with 2D diversity are more inclusive and innovative as a company than those who aren’t. -CTI (3)
  • Companies with 2D Diversity are 70% more likely to report new markets. -CTI (3)
  • Employees are 72% more likely to report that their team is not afraid to challenge the status quo, when their leaders have 2D diversity, compared to leaderships with no inclusive behaviours. -CTI (3)
  • Leaders with 2D diversity are 117% more likely to make sure all team members speak up and are heard (as reported by their employees), than leaders with no inclusive behaviours. This range of ideas, opinions and solutions can lead to market-value innovations. -CTI (3)
  • Teams with one or more employees who share a client’s characteristics (ethnicity, gender, culture or sexual orientation) are as much as 158% likelier to understand that client, and so more likely to successfully innovate for that client. -CTI (3)
  • Ideas from LGBTs, women, racial minorities and Generation Y (that could have market potential) are less likely to secure the backing they need, as 56% of leaders don’t value ideas they don’t see a need for. -CTI (3)

financial

Multiple studies highlight the financial benefits diversity and inclusion in the workplace are correlated with (especially in senior leadership teams). These include increased profitability, increased market share and the ability to tap into new markets through previously undiscovered / unmet customer needs.

Why is this? McKinsey & Co (4 and 5) hypothesise that diverse companies with a reputation for inclusion are better able to attract ‘top talent’. Given the human benefits diversity and inclusion bring, it makes sense that highly intelligent and skilled workers would want to work for these types of companies. This in turns means the companies are more innovative, produce higher quality work, maximise markets etc, all of which contributes to greater financial returns. 

Studies show:

  • Companies with more diverse workforces perform better financially. -McKinsey & Co (4)
  • Companies with 2D Diversity are 45% more likely to report increased market share. -CTI (3)
  • Companies with high employee engagement had a 19% increase in operating income and almost a 28% growth in earnings per share. -TP (1)
  • Companies with low employee engagement had a 32% decrease in operating income and earnings per share decline over 11%. -TP (1) 
  • Companies in the top quartile for ethnic diversity on executive teams were 36% more likely than companies in the fourth quartile to have above-average profitability in 2019. In 2017 it was 33% and in 2014 it was 35%. -McKinsey & Co (6)
  • Companies in the top quartile for gender diversity on executive teams were 25% more likely than companies in the fourth quartile to have above-average profitability in 2019; up from 21% in 2017 and 15% in 2014. -McKinsey & Co (6) 
  • Companies in the fourth quartile for both gender and ethnic diversity on executive teams were 27% more likely to underperform on profitability than all other companies. -McKinsey & Co (6)

employee satisfaction

Workplace diversity and inclusion, or lack of, contributes to employee satisfaction or dissatisfaction. When someone is not included at work, be it in general office chit-chat, team meetings, projects or social events etc, it affects their level of satisfaction within their role, team and the organisation. This level of satisfaction can impact on employee engagement, productivity and retention, all of which has financial implications for a company.

McKinsey & Co studied inclusion in terms of microaggressions in the workplace in 2019. Minority groups (LGBTQ+, women, ethnic / racial minorities) reported experiencing more microaggressions than other respondents. For example:

  • 39% of LGBTQ+, 34% of women, and 29% of ethnic or racial minorities reported hearing derogatory comments / jokes about people like them (versus 21% of men). -McKinsey & Co (7)
  • 30% of women, 26% of ethnic or racial minorities, and 23% of LGBTQ+ reported being excluded from social events (versus 12% of men). -McKinsey & Co (7)
  • 61% of LGBTQ+, 39% of women, and 33% of ethnic or racial minorities reported needing to correct others’ assumptions about their personal lives (versus 22% of men). -McKinsey & Co (7)

Diversity and inclusion within senior leadership also plays a role on employee satisfaction. For example:

  • Leaders with 2D diversity are more than twice as likely to ensure team members speak up and are heard, empower team members to make decisions and share credit for team success (as reported by their employees), than leaders without 2D diversity; all of which feeds into staff satisfaction. -CTI (3)

engagement and productivity

Edward Hubbard found that diverse teams properly managed and trained produce 6 times higher results than homogenous teams. When employees feel valued and included, this leads to higher levels of engagement (both individually and in teams) and in turn leads to greater productivity. 

Studies show:

  • A sense of inclusion is strongly linked with employee engagement. -McKinsey & Co (7)
  • 38% of employees are ‘disenchanted’ or ‘disengaged’. -TP (1)
  • Senior management sincerely interested in employee wellbeing is the top driver of engagement globally. -TP (1).
  • ‘Individual discretionary effort’ improves by 12% in a more diverse and inclusive workforce. -CEB CLC (2)
  • Team collaboration and commitment improves by about 50% in a more diverse and inclusive workforce. -CEB CLC (2)

retention and future proofing

In the competitive world businesses operate in, employers must do all they can to attract and retain top talent. The leaders of tomorrow are increasingly growing up in a global world. They’re taught about diversity and inclusion from an early age and want to work at companies which share these same values.

High fliers also want to work for forward-thinking, dynamic companies and with diversity being a key driver of innovation, employers who fail to make this a priority, do so at their peril. Top talent take diversity and inclusion into account when deciding where they want to work and whether or not they want to remain.

Employee turnover is costly, from advertising roles, interviewing and recruiting candidates, to inducting and training new employees. The more a company can do to make their workplace attractive through celebrating diversity, valuing their staff and all their differences, the more likely it is employees will want to stay.

Studies show:

  • Employees who feel very included at work are nearly 3 times more likely than their peers to feel excited by and committed to their organisations. -McKinsey & Co (7)
  • Intent to stay improves by 20% in more diverse and inclusive workforces. -CEB CLC (2)
  • When making career decisions, employees from all demographics have considered their organisations’ inclusiveness and would like their organisations to do more to improve inclusion and diversity. -McKinsey & Co (7)
  • 35% of employees say their organisations put too little effort into creating a diverse, inclusive environment. -McKinsey & Co (7)
  • 39% of employees turned down or didn’t pursue a job because of a perceived lack of company inclusion. -McKinsey & Co (7)

some final thoughts

The business case for workplace diversity and inclusion is strong. The only question that remains now is: What are you going to do about it?

Whilst company policies may profess a commitment to diversity and inclusion, in order to receive the incredible benefits as evidenced above, these must be put into practice. Employees need training, understanding and action on diversity and inclusion, on a regular and ongoing basis. 

Here at Enact Solutions we run equality, diversity and inclusion training which is creative, interactive, with business-relevant content. To find out more about it and the results we yield, check out our website, by clicking on the link above. We can’t wait to work with you!

research studies

  1. Source: Towers Perrin, Global Workforce Study (Report written 2008, data from 2007-2008. Data set close to 90,000 workers covering 18 countries.) 
  2. Source: CEB Corporate Leadership Council, (now Gartner), Create Competitive Advantage Through Inclusion (White paper written 2012)
  1. Source: Center for Talent Innovation, (now Coqual), Innovation, Diversity and Market Growth, ‘How Diversity can drive innovation’. (Written 2013. Data set of 1,800 professionals, 40 case studies.)
  1. Source: McKinsey & Company, Why diversity matters (Report written Jan 2015, data from studies 2010-2013. Data set of 366 public companies across a range of industries in Canada, Latin America, the UK and US.)
  1. Source: McKinsey & Company, Delivering through diversity (Report written Jan 2018, data from 2017. Data set of more than 1,000 companies covering 12 countries.)
  1. Source: McKinsey & Company, Diversity wins: How inclusion matters (Report written May 2020, data tracked from 2014-2019) Data set of more than 1,000 large companies, across 15 countries.)
  1. Source: McKinsey & Company, Understanding organisational barriers to a more inclusive workplace (Report written June 2020, data from September 2019. Data set of 1,920 participants representing the full range of regions, industries, company sizes, functional specialties, and tenures. The survey was also sent to McKinsey’s networks of LGBTQ+ senior leaders and garnered an additional 110 responses among those groups.)

Jemma Houghton


Jemma Houghton is one of our Associates at Enact Solutions. She’s passionate about people feeling respected, valued and working together to create positive results. For additional reading on this topic, check out our recent blog: ‘Diversity, inclusion, equality and equity: a whistle-stop tour of terms‘.